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Hitting them hardest when they’re small The Shame of the Nation was written in 2005 by author Jonathan Kola. In this book he discusses how underprivileged children in lower-income school districts are treated differently than the children in middle-class school districts. The middle-class children have easy access to pre-school but very few children in the lower-classes have access to pre-school.

As a result, when lower-classes are finally able to attend school, they are below the grade level et by government, they are forced to deal with overfilled class rooms, unskilled teachers and inadequate resources. The children in financially restricted school districts must take and pass the same exams as the children who have had access to better schooling since they were a toddlers. He notes how tough it is for kids to do well under these circumstances and that those who do well are considered to have courageous talents.

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Kola uses comparison and description to persuade the readers something needs to be done about the issues. Kola uses comparisons to persuade readers that the way we treat some schools is bias. One very obvious way is the pay difference between teachers in wealthier school districts and teachers in financially restricted school districts. Teachers that are in richer school districts have a higher level of education and get paid a salary of $38,000 more a year than teachers with a lower- level of education in poverty-stricken school districts. So what does this tell us?

This tells us educators with a higher level of education are more likely to seek or be sought out for employment in wealthier areas and teachers with lower level of education are not sought out and often end up looking for a job in a poverty-stricken school districts. This leaves the children to suffer the consequences; for instance lower test scores and classes being cut like music and art, which plays a huge role in the development of children. The more well-off school districts don’t have to cut music and art classes and the children become better-rounded because these schools have enough funds to pay for these classes.

School systems in the wealthier communities are have better equipment, while poor school districts do not have all these resources and materials. Kola tries to persuade the audience of the conditions the children have to endure. A few of these are, buildings used to house school children in poor school districts are run down and in serious need of repair, mold growing on the walls, leaky windows, and poor air quality which can lead to chronic wheezing and severe asthma attacks in children.

Due to classrooms being overcrowded forces some schools districts to separate the school day into morning and afternoon classes. Wealthier Schools have buildings that are clean and well maintained; no leaky windows, mold growing on the walls and they have clean fresh air. To put it differently, School systems in the lower- income areas do not have the same advantages as the ones in the wealthier areas. In fact, poorer schools have outdated textbooks while wealthier schools have advanced textbooks.

Children lower-income school districts are expected to learn from old-fashioned text books that are old and dilapidated but are still expected to pass the same government test as wealthier schools. In this book he discusses how underprivileged children in lower-income school districts are treated differently than the children in middle-class school districts. The children in financially restricted school districts must take and pass the same exams as the children who have had access to better schooling since they were a toddler and something needs to be done the correct the issues.

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