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Running head: INFLUENCES ON BEHAVIOR AND PSYCHOLOGICAL DISORDERS Presentation Influences on Behavior and Psychological Disorders Presentation Jocelyn F. Oatman & Sofia Moran University of Phoenix Introduction to Psychology PSY 103 Michelle McCoy-Williams October 29, 2008 Influences on Behavior and Psychological Disorders Presentation The previous evaluation on the pathophysiology of anxiety constantly records the requirement for more examination on biological characteristics of childhood social phobia, separation anxiety disorder, and generalized anxiety disorder.

The recent evaluation encapsulates biological examination that is appropriate to these three disorders. In the earliest component of the analysis, difficulties that have prohibited development in this part are described, and current growths are discussed that situate the stage of main developments in the study on childhood anxiety disorder. In the subsequent section of the assessment, evaluations are discussed that give insights on the pathophysiology of childhood social phobia, separation anxiety disorder, and generalized disorder.

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Studies on every particular disorder demonstrates the approach in which current growths in biological analysis facilitate unusual study methods exceptionally suitable for responding basic clinical questions in the examination on both childhood and adult anxiety disorders. Anxiety disorders are the condition in which intense feelings of fear and dreads are long-standing or disruptive. The latest technologies are facilitating examiners and scientists to understand more about the biological, psychological, and social aspects that effect the growth of an anxiety disorder.

In addition to an enhanced understanding of essential reasons, better remedy and even avoidance measures will be possible. The following are believed to play a role in the episode of anxiety disorders: • Heredity • Brain chemistry • Personality • Life experiences There is a comprehensible indication that anxiety disorders run in families. Analysis confirms that if one identical twin has an anxiety disorder, the second twin is more likely to have anxiety disorder than fraternal twins.

These conclusions indicate that a genetic aspect, probably triggered in combination with life experiences, predisposes some individuals to these disorders. Since signs of anxiety disorders are often reduced by drugs that maintain quantities of chemicals in the brain, scientists think that brain chemistry seems to play a role in the beginning of anxiety disorders. Researchers think that personality may play a role in the growth of an anxiety disorder, observing that individuals who have low self-esteem and weak managing skills may be more prone.

On the contrary, anxiety disorders that start in childhood may itself play a role to the growth of low self-esteem. Researchers think that the connection between anxiety disorders and long-term contact to abuse, aggression, or hardship is an essential section for further study, as life experience may influence a human being’s vulnerability to these disorders. Occasionally, anxiety may be initiated by using street drugs like amphetamines, LSD, or Ecstasy. Still the caffeine in coffee can be sufficient to make some of us experience awkwardly nervous.

The anxiety disorders consist of panic disorder (with and without a history of agoraphobia), agoraphobia (with and without a history of panic disorder), generalized anxiety disorder, specific phobia, social phobia, obsessive-compulsive disorder, acute stress disorder, and post-traumatic stress disorder (DSM-IV). Additionally, there are adjustment disorders with apprehensive characteristics, anxiety disorders due to general medical conditions, substance-induced anxiety disorders, and the enduring group of anxiety disorder not if not identified (DSM-IV).

Panic disorder is identified when an individual has experienced at least two unpredicted panic attacks and expands enduring anxiety or apprehension about having further attacks or motivations his or her behavior to avoid or decrease such attacks (DSM-IV). Panic disorder is also concurrently analyzed, or transpires with other particular anxiety disorders, including social phobia (up to 30%), generalized anxiety disorder (up to 25%), specific phobia (up to 20%), and obsessive-compulsive disorder (up to 10%) (DSM-IV). Panic disorder is about twice as common among female as men (American Psychiatric Association, 1998). References:

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