Dry Freud was born 1856 he was one of the first doctors to become interested ND involved in studying human behavior. He came to the conclusion that some of his medical patients at the time were showing signs of mental distress without having any obvious physical cause . So he then went on to focus his study on the human mind, behavior and emotions he first looked at human development from early childhood and concluded that some people did not develop in healthy ways.
Freud then continued to further analyze children’s behaviors to find out where the start of the problem had emerged or blockages as he called them had transpired from . This was referred to as “psychoanalysis” The origin and development of psychoanalysis (April 191 0) the behavioral therapy part of CAB came about when other psychologists throughout history wanted to gain an in depth insight into human behavior . En of these prominent psychologists was called Dry Pavlov was born in 1849 one of his most well know documented pieces of work was that of an experiment with a dog he found that if he gave the dog food at the same time as ringing a bell that he could anticipate that the dog would salivate upon hearing the bell even if there was no food followed. This was called “a conditioned reflex’ this knowledge has been used o influence and manipulate human behaviors ever since .
For example the token economy, or a work bonus for doing good work this entails repetitive good behaviors as humans are likely to repeat a good behavior if there is a reward at the end. Another pioneer in the area of cognitive thinking was Dry Aaron Beck he noted that his patients at the time that were suffering depression seemed to think in similar negative ways this would include patients thinking negatively about themselves there past and their future and the world in general these were referred to by Beck as (schemata).
In the ass’s he developed programmer to help patients to stop thinking negatively *CAB treatments have proven to be very helpful in numerous stud)/s and observations over time “CAB has been applied to a wide variety of disorders and problems, and has shown positive treatments gains across the board in terms of absolute efficiency “Handbook of cognitive-behavioral therapies 3rd edition K, S. Dobson (no year given) Cognitive behavior Therapy theoretical underpinnings is that it is focused on problem solving -Cognitive behavior therapy relies on the knowledge and collaboration of both the harpist and the client working together.
CAB can been seen as therapeutic because it is a talking therapy the client builds a relationship with the therapist learning to trust and disclose issues that have caused previous trauma and distress. Cognitive behavior therapy combines and joins ideas developed by cognitive therapists and rational emotive behavior therapists . The concentrated idea behind CAB is that the way the person feels thinks and then subsequently acts are intertwined mechanisms and are simultaneously related to one another and to understand how a person interprets the motions.
The therapist has to eradicate those negative interpretations by using techniques such as systematic destinations Socratic questioning and flooding. Ethically challenges arise for example, during the flooding approach patients are encouraged to visit painful memories from their past with the aim of reintegrating their repressed emotions with their current sews. Flooding was pioneered by psychologist Thomas Stamp in 1 967 -Research has shown it can be fast and effective in ways of recovering from emotionally distress. But at the same time more traumatic for the client . Which could then contraindicate regulations as a psychologist.
Research has shown that the flooding tech unique may cause the client some distress because they are asked to remember traumatic events. So ethically there may be some unbalance shown in this aspect, ” Is cognitive-behavioral therapy more effective than other therapies? Tooling, D. F. (2010). Which research suggests CAB to be more effective than other treatments While other research suggested that there was no evidence of CAB being more effective than to other clinical treatments “Over-simplification and exclusion of non- informing studies can demonstrate absence of effect: A lynching party? Kingdom, D. (2009). But this unbalance can be rectified if the client feels at any time that it is not working for them they can withdraw ” The opportunity to withdraw from the study at any time with no adverse consequences” Code of Ethics and Conduct (2009) The Therapist must follow legal guidelines as a duty of care to patients/clients ” maximizing benefit, and minimizing harm” Code of Ethics and Conduct (2009), The family systemic approach is portrayed as therapeutic because the family work together it is vastly based n being vocal within the group.
But also makes the point that change is vital . Both continuity and change characterize the family system as it progresses through time. “Goldenberg, l, H (2004) A Psychiatrist called Mar Selling Palazzo from Italy along with her colleagues developed the “Milan Systems Approach” The underpinnings and core values of the family systems approach were to identify family relationships as the most important factor in the psychological well being of a person. The focus of family therapy is on how one person’s psychological issues can affect the entire family as a nit.
Therapy sessions are usually conducted with all the affected members of the family. The therapist then works to improve communication and to point out and isolate negative behaviors and establish healthy family roles. The family systems approach differ from the CAB approach because of the repetitive interaction of the family and by diverting blame away from individuals. Instead focusing on the positive effects of working as a family unit to establish good communications and placements of individuals within the unit.
Therapy was very open and required the family to be vocal and honest bout their situations and what was causing their emotional distress -Often re-enactments of situations were carried out and observed by the family and therapist -Effective communication within this approach thus acted as being very therapeutic. Removing the feeling of judgment from an individual as the one who caused the problem so to speak. The family then learned to recognize were the unbalance and mental distress was emerging from and worked collectively to bring back balance . Improving communication within the family group was Accomplished by several techniques including framing and changing perceptions within the group. Ethically when looking at the family approach issues like if there was violence involved within the family unit or sexual abuse, would have eradicated any progress for the family. Ultimately issue like the one mentioned above would have been disclosed upon initial consultation with the therapist . But if it was not disclosed to the therapist then family therapy would certainly not have been beneficial but may have caused harm.
When working with family’s the therapist looks at the family as a unit Having said this the unit is made up of embers and members oaf unit are as individual as fingerprints, so problems may have appeared in the form of honesty or intimidation by other members of the unit thus not following the model of honesty this may have caused detrimental effects on positive outcomes This can be seen as an ethical disadvantage to the systemic family approach.
Looking at both approaches there are many benefits and similarities for instance both require the collaboration and honesty and wiliness of the client to achieve results. Both approaches work at solving issues, the CAB approach requires the linens to be mentally focused on thinking positively where in the family systems approach the focus is removed from individual persons and in fact looked at as a collective collaboration, the re-enactments that OCCUr in family therapy help to integrate the idea of working together to solve the issue.
As it then gives the other family members the chance to stand in another family members shoes so to speak and discover self realization which is a vital tool in the family unit therapy. As self realization leads to the individual knowing his/her placing within the family unit *CAB teaches the client to think fervently in terms of positivist . Once client has become accustomed to thinking in that way emotional distress can be balanced within that person’s life.
So both approaches are rather extraordinary and with positive results but only if used correctly and ethically . So initial consultation on what the cause is or what’s facilitating that person/family/s emotional distress is very vital and must be undertaken with extreme vigilance and ethical regulations.